On Global Equities
Will Signs of Peak Inflation Bring About a Turnaround in “Growth” Stocks?
Headwinds diminishing and valuations now more attractive.
Laurence Taylor Portfolio Specialist, Global Equities
Key Insights
  • Inflation is having an impact on both consumers and corporates, but signs of demand destruction should bring an inflation peak closer.
  • A potential peak in inflation coincides with equity markets that have derated quite significantly, with some stocks trading at extreme valuations.
  • Inflation rolling over provides a potential reset for growth stocks, especially for those with the ability to compound and grow earnings through the next stage of the equity cycle.

The U.S. Federal Reserve and other central banks face a complex challenge—how to control extreme inflation while not driving the global economy into a deep recession. The natural inclination for central banks is to ease back on monetary tightening during points of intense uncertainty, but the ability to “go easy” or look through price instability is currently limited given the magnitude of inflationary pressures. The questions for equity investors are: When and how does inflation peak, and how does this impact economic growth and corporate profits, given that these are two of the key drivers (along with valuations) that typically dictate the direction of equity markets?

Signs of Demand Destruction Bring Inflation Peak Closer

We are starting to see the impact of price increases on consumption. While consumer balance sheets are strong after two years of pandemic disruption and employment levels remain high, there are clear signs that consumers are adjusting spending patterns as inflation bites. Demand destruction is, unfortunately, part of the mechanism by which inflation will peak and then fade as economies slow. This is key to confidence being restored for equity investors, especially in longer‑duration growth assets that have had such a difficult period.

"We are starting to see the impact of price increases on consumption."

Corporates have also been adjusting to inflation as the economic outlook softens. One of the drivers of this inflationary pulse has been wage growth as a strong economy has met with a tight labor market, leading to intense competition for workers. With corporates from Amazon to Uber signaling a recognition of a changing economic outlook and need for greater cost control, the second half of 2022 is likely to reveal a key set of data points surrounding inflation expectations. In our meetings with companies, there is now clearly a message of suppressing workers’ wage expectations, which should act as a further brake on inflation.

Opposing Forces Influencing Equity Markets

Weighing multiple complex factors demands an active approach

Weighing multiple complex factors demands an active approach

As of June 30, 2022.
For illustrative purposes only.
Source: T. Rowe Price.

A weakening economy, wealth destruction through the recent sell‑off in capital markets, and pandemic disruption fading should help ease labor market tightness, abnormal supply conditions, and corresponding inflation pressures. The timing remains uncertain, however, given that higher commodity prices are immediate sources of inflation. Demand destruction and adjustments to workers’ expectations will take time to work through the system as deflationary forces.

"Predicting precisely when inflation will peak is a challenge and will vary country by country, but it does feel closer."

Predicting precisely when inflation will peak is a challenge and will vary country by country, but it does feel closer. Equally, measuring how much economic activity will deteriorate given the impact of monetary tightening and high prices is hard to estimate. But strong corporate balance sheets, a lack of systematic risk, and a belief that the U.S. Federal Reserve is trying to avoid a deep recession make us more optimistic for the future.

Valuations and Company‑Specific Factors Make Us More Optimistic

This potential peak in inflation expectations coincides with equity markets that have fallen quite significantly, with some stocks trading at extreme valuations. This makes us more optimistic for stocks as a whole and is an upgrade on our view versus much of 2022, driven by company‑specific factors as well as macroeconomic data points.

Oil prices remain a key swing factor for financial markets. Oil has backed away from recent highs, with the futures curve predicting a normalization at around USD 90 per barrel in mid‑2023 and USD 80 in mid‑2024.1 Yet, the path to lower oil prices is a challenging and uncertain one. This is amplified by the need to structurally increase energy supply and shift European supply lines away from Russia, while also moving the “green transition” forward. An end to the Russia/Ukraine conflict would clearly be a large positive on many dimensions, but this remains an unpredictable situation. Regardless, many commodity prices have already retreated from recent peaks—a trend that will be welcomed by markets if sustained.

Potential for a Reset in “Growth” Stocks

Once inflation peaks, we believe this could be a good signal for “growth” investors, especially for those investing in companies with potential ability to compound and grow earnings through the next stage of the equity cycle. This is where we have positioned the Global Stock Fund. However, in an environment still defined by extreme defensiveness and energy leadership, it may take time to be rewarded, so may require patience.

"Once inflation peaks, we believe this could be a good signal for “growth” investors…."

Indeed, growth stocks have continued to underperform year‑to‑date, with the MSCI ACWI Growth Index falling -28.3% versus the MSCI ACWI Value Index, which has retreated by only -13.5%.2 If there is a positive, however, it is that the weighing machine of capital markets has already priced in a modest recession. This sell‑off has created real challenges for growth investors, but we feel much of the shift away in capital is now complete.

Near term, the outlook for global equities is still highly uncertain, and we do not discount the possibility of further drawdowns. No one “rings a bell” to signal the bottom of the market. But waiting for the backdrop to improve is not the most opportune way to capture future returns. Despite the near‑term uncertainty, we feel more optimistic over the medium term as markets should take cues from a rollover in inflation, cheaper valuations, and the prospect of less severe monetary policy tightening in 2023.

1 T. Rowe Price cautions that economic estimates and forward‑looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, risks, and uncertainties, which change over time. Actual outcomes could differ materially from those anticipated in estimates and forward‑looking statements.

2 Six months ended June 30, 2022. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.

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