Imagine full-scale industrial farming without plows, pitchforks, or pesticides—or acres of land. In densely populated Hong Kong, where farmland is at a premium, vertical (or urban) farming is a growing trend. It’s one that Alison Yip, a T. Rowe Price investment professional who scours Asian markets for new investment ideas in the technology sector, is digging into.

Curiosity is a key attribute for investment professionals at T. Rowe Price. So when Alison, a Hong Kong native and current resident, noticed an uptick in local demand for organic vegetables it piqued her interest. Interviews with retailers led her to the produce suppliers and a technology application she hadn’t been expecting: vertical farming. The local organic farming community was busily transforming some of the city’s old industrial buildings into vertical farming factories to supply organic, pesticide-free produce.

“Vertical farming is a growing trend in Hong Kong and other areas of the world where scarcity of land and water prevails or the environment is harsh.”

In addition to requiring much less acreage and water to grow crops, vertical farming provides a climate-controlled agriculture environment for plants and vegetables, shielding them from extreme temperatures, pests, and other natural hazards. “Vertical farming,” observes Alison, “is a growing trend in Hong Kong and other areas of the world where scarcity of land and water prevails or the environment is harsh.”

Headwinds today, long-term opportunity tomorrow?

When Alison identifies a new investment idea in her sector, she looks for key drivers of potential, including size of the market, projected growth rate over three to five years, degree of disruption, how soon the new technology will replace the old, and barriers to entry for competitors.

“A sizable drop in LED lighting costs should reduce the overall cost of vertical farming a lot.”

Alison’s research revealed that vertical farming was coming up short on her criteria for potential. While it is a growing phenomenon with future potential, there are limited immediate opportunities for investors in both the farms and the supply chain. The nascent industry lacks publicly traded companies with scalable business models.

And costs for vertical farming equipment—including pumps, irrigation systems, pipes, sensors, and climate controllers—as well as water, power, chemicals, and lighting—are high.

But lighting systems represent the highest cost and the largest impediment to making vertical farming cost-effective and competitive with other farming techniques.

Vertical farms typically use either LED lights alone, or a combination of LEDs and natural sunlight to help plants thrive. LED lights are controlled by special semiconductor chips to simulate solar light. Today, LED lights are costly and, in bulk, consume a great deal of electricity. So while vertical farming may offer the benefits of organic and pesticide-free produce, the lighting cost is high, making the output less competitively priced. “A sizable drop in LED lighting costs should reduce the overall cost of vertical farming.” says Alison. That would help make vertical farming more scalable, sustainable, and attractive to investors.

Although in the long-run vertical farming could hold a lot of growth opportunity for investors, Alison is waiting for the right time to invest.

Going into the field to dig into vertical farming.

While hurdles exist for vertical farming today, Alison is laying the groundwork now to take advantage of future opportunities as the industry continues to evolve. To gain a clearer understanding of the nuances and opportunities in this specialized area, she attends courses through the Association for Vertical Farming in Hong Kong.

“You need to have strong industry knowledge before meeting with company executives...”

It’s a way that Alison tries to stay ahead of change for our clients, so when the potential is more promising, she’ll be ready.

“You need to have strong industry knowledge before meeting with company executives, so I’m always very prepared to make the best use of our time together.”

Constant change in a vibrant sector, keeps Alison energized.

“I love my sector and never get bored, because in tech, you learn new things every day and encounter innovations every week.”

Whether she is exploring a game-changing technology, visiting a factory, or interviewing executives, Alison focuses her passion for learning and collaboration on her singular mission to find companies with potential for long-term, sustainable results for investors.

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Alison Yip

“It’s important to have good communications within the tech team…discuss new ideas together. Because you always miss something when you first look at it. That's how we refine ideas. That's how we work for our investors.”

Hong Kong

Technology sector in Asia ex-Japan

M.B.A., in finance from Nottingham University

Avid swimmer, runner, and yoga practitioner


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