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November 2023 / ASSET ALLOCATION VIEWPOINT

Global Asset Allocation: The View From the UK

Discover the latest global market themes

1. Market Perspective

  • Global central banks’ emphasis is moving towards growth stabilisation with increasing evidence that both growth and inflation are trending lower.
  • European and UK economic growth is nearing recession levels, putting central banks on hold, while the US economy remains resilient, supported by a strong consumer. China seeks to stabilise weakening growth through increased policy support.
  • While global central bank tightening has likely peaked, the US Fed’s pledge for ‘higher for longer’ rates has had worldwide impact on raising longer‑term yields that could create vulnerabilities.
  • Key risks to global markets include impacts of the sharp move higher in rates, a deeper‑than‑expected decline in growth, central bank missteps, a reacceleration in inflation, the trajectory of Chinese growth and geopolitical tensions.

2. Portfolio Positioning

As of 31 October 2023

  • We closed our underweight to equities and are now neutral, taking advantage of recent declines amid the rise in yields. The declining inflation trend amid still stable growth is supportive for the end of the Fed tightening cycle, while equity valuations beyond narrow leadership are attractive. We remain overweight areas of the market with supportive valuations, such as small‑caps and Japan.
  • We remain underweight Europe because of its vulnerability to slowing economic growth, on the one hand, and the European Central Bank that still needs to keep policy tight to fight inflation, on the other hand.
  • Within fixed income, we closed our overweight to cash relative to bonds. While cash provides attractive yields, we took advantage of a recent rise in government bonds yields to reduce our underweight to the asset class, with the expectation of some reversal in the trajectory of yields.
  • Within fixed income higher‑yielding sectors, we remain overweight high yield and emerging market bonds on still attractive absolute yield levels and reasonably supportive fundamentals.

3. Market Themes

Goldilocks

Earlier this year, positive economic data were welcomed as it meant that the US economy could possibly be skirting past an inevitable hard landing. Now similar good news is seemingly too hot for the markets, raising concerns that the Fed may keep its foot on the brakes for longer. Surprisingly strong third‑quarter growth of over 5%, a still tight labour market and unrelenting US consumer spending are all helping fuel the Fed’s ‘higher for longer’ narrative. In reaction, bond yields have spiked to decade‑high levels, tightening financial conditions and, in a way, helping advance the Fed’s cause. Since the end of July, equity markets have declined over 10%, largely driven by the sharp rise in yields and anticipated impacts should they stay at these levels for longer. For now, too hot data seem unwelcome, and too cold is likely to reignite fears of a hard landing. A good balance of declining inflation and not collapsing growth data ahead may prove just right for investors’ appetites.

Collateral Damage

While the US economy continues to show resilience in the face of higher interest rates, growth across many parts of the world is showing signs of weakness. Europe looks to have slipped into recession, the UK is not far behind and Chinese growth has disappointed. The emphasis on fighting inflation is steadily being replaced by the need to stabilise declining growth, at least outside the US. Unfortunately, for the rest of the world, the US Fed’s policy has far‑reaching impacts as seen by the recent spike in longer‑term yields globally. With many regions seeing weakening growth, higher yields may not be a welcome sign as global central banks are starting to downshift interest rate policies. The move higher in yields has also sent the US dollar even higher, proving especially painful for many emerging markets economies, their currencies and dollar‑denominated bond markets. Should the rest of the world continue to slow while the Fed keeps rates elevated, more collateral damage may be in store for vulnerable economies needing to stabilise growth, defend currencies and compete for capital flows.

 

For a region-by-region overview, see the full report (PDF).

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

This material is being furnished for general informational and/or marketing purposes only. The material does not constitute or undertake to give advice of any nature, including fiduciary investment advice, nor is it intended to serve as the primary basis for an investment decision. Prospective investors are recommended to seek independent legal, financial and tax advice before making any investment decision. T. Rowe Price group of companies including T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. and/or its affiliates receive revenue from T. Rowe Price investment products and services. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. The value of an investment and any income from it can go down as well as up. Investors may get back less than the amount invested.

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Information and opinions presented have been obtained or derived from sources believed to be reliable and current; however, we cannot guarantee the sources’ accuracy or completeness. There is no guarantee that any forecasts made will come to pass. The views contained herein are as of the date written and are subject to change without notice; these views may differ from those of other T. Rowe Price group companies and/or associates. Under no circumstances should the material, in whole or in part, be copied or redistributed without consent from T. Rowe Price.

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