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GIPS® Information

T. Rowe Price ("TRP") claims compliance with the Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS®) and has prepared and presented this report in compliance with the GIPS standards. T. Rowe Price has been independently verified for the twenty four-year period ended June 30, 2020, by KPMG LLP. The verification report is available upon request. A firm that claims compliance with the GIPS standards must establish policies and procedures for complying with all the applicable requirements of the GIPS standards. Verification provides assurance on whether the firm’s policies and procedures related to composite and pooled fund maintenance, as well as the calculation, presentation, and distribution of performance, have been designed in compliance with the GIPS standards and have been implemented on a firm-wide basis. Verification does not provide assurance on the accuracy of any specific performance report.

TRP is a U.S. investment management firm with various investment advisers registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority, and other regulatory bodies in various countries and holds itself out as such to potential clients for GIPS purposes. TRP further defines itself under GIPS as a discretionary investment manager providing services primarily to institutional clients with regard to various mandates, which include U.S, international, and global strategies but excluding the services of the Private Asset Management group.

A complete list and description of all of the Firm's composites and/or a presentation that adheres to the GIPS® standards are available upon request. Additional information regarding the firm's policies and procedures for calculating and reporting performance results is available upon request

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Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.


Global Aggregate Bond

The Global Aggregate Strategy (USD) Bond Composite is comprised of portfolios that seek current income and capital appreciation primarily through investment in fixed income securities issued by governments and other investment grade entities. Below investment grade issues including high yield and emerging debt securities are also permitted. The use of derivatives, including futures and options, is also permitted.

3YR Return Annualised (Net)
(View Total Returns)

Tracking Error
(5 Years)


1YR Return (Net)
(View Total Returns)

Information Ratio
(5 Years)


Inception Date 31-May-2006

Performance figures calculated in USD

Arif Husain, CFA
Arif Husain, CFA, Portfolio Manager

Arif Husain is the head of the International Fixed Income Division. He is a co-portfolio manager for the International Bond and Institutional International Bond Strategies and the lead portfolio manager for the Global Aggregate Bond Strategy. Arif also is a vice president of T. Rowe Price Group, Inc., and T. Rowe Price International Ltd.



Investment Approach

  • To generate consistent performance over benchmark by exploiting inefficiencies in the full universe of the global fixed income and currency markets:
    • Focus on successful alpha generation.
    • Importance of effective risk management.
  • Target average tracking error: Between 150 basis points and 300 basis points per annum.
  • Alpha generation classified under three main performance activities:
    • Currency Management: 35% Expected contribution to value added
    • Country/Duration Management: 35% Expected contribution to value added
    • Sector Allocation / Issue selection: 30%

Portfolio Construction

  • Currency limit: maximum +/- 40% relative to benchmark
  • Weighted duration limit: maximum +/- 3 years relative to benchmark
  • Sub-investment grade: maximum 20%
  • Above investment grade: not restricted (includes corporates and emerging markets)
  • Portfolio holdings: between 400 and 600 issuers
  • Average credit quality: A- or better


Largest Country United States 35.43% Was (30-Jun-2021) 32.40%
Other View complete Country Diversification

Monthly Data as of 30-Sep-2021

Benchmark: Bloomberg Global Aggregate Bond Index

Largest Overweight

United Kingdom
Portfolio 9.84%
Benchmark 5.16%

Largest Underweight

Portfolio 8.61%
Benchmark 13.65%

Monthly Data as of 30-Sep-2021