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Global Asset Allocation: August Insights

Discover the latest global market themes

Market Perspective

  • Central banks and investors continue to contend with higher inflation while global growth is slowing amid continued supply disruptions, geopolitical challenges and reduction of liquidity, setting the stage for a challenging second half of the year.
  • The US Federal Reserve (Fed) remains committed to its tightening policy, having already raised rates by 225 basis points this year and hinting at a continued aggressive path forward to combat inflation. The European Central Bank (ECB) made its first rate hike in more than a decade despite a fragile macro backdrop, while the Bank of Japan (BoJ) remains steadfast on its policy of yield curve control.
  • While most emerging market (EM) central banks continue to tighten policy in response to heightened inflation and weak currencies, China policies remain supportive to help bolster growth as the country continues to try and contain the spread of COVID‑19.
  • Key risks to global markets include central bank missteps, persistent inflation, impacts of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, potential for a sharper slowdown in global growth and China’s balance between containing COVID‑19 and growth.

Portfolio Positioning

As of 31 July 2022

  • Despite more attractive valuations following 2022’s declines, we remain cautious on the earnings outlook, and the impact of inflation on margins also supports our modest underweight to equities. Within fixed income, we have added exposure to bonds and reduced our holdings of cash.
  • We have reduced our overweight to value stocks globally in recent months, aiming to moderate the cyclical exposure of our equity allocation amid a backdrop of slowing economic growth.
  • Within fixed income, we increased our allocation to government bonds, adding defensive exposure as economic uncertainty remains high.
  • We moved further underweight UK investment‑grade (IG) credit, reducing credit risk in expectation of slowing growth.

Market Themes

Whatever It Takes 2.0

While recent reports showed better-than-expected second-quarter economic growth in the region, Europe faces a growing list of headwinds. At its most recent meeting this month, the ECB delivered a larger-than-expected half-point rate increase, its first in more than a decade, to fight inflation at its highest level in decades. Despite concerns over slowing growth, risk of Russia cutting off gas supplies to the region and rising political instability, ECB President Christine Lagarde signaled that more rate hikes will be needed to rein in inflation. At the same time, the ECB introduced a new plan, the Transmission Protection Instrument, which would provide flexibility to buy the government debt of troubled member nations to stave off a potential borrowing crisis. The new tool may come in handy soon, as political uncertainty following the resignation of Prime Minister Mario Draghi sent Italian bond spreads higher. With autumn around the corner and bringing colder weather amid energy shortages threatening even higher inflation and uncertainty around Italian elections in September, Lagarde may find herself reinventing ‘whatever it takes’ to save the region this time around.

Keep on Smiling

There seems to be little that can break the US dollar’s climb; it reached its highest level since the early 2000s and continues to cause broad-based pain from EM-facing dollar-denominated debt obligations to US companies reporting weaker exports and lower revenues due to the dollar’s unrelenting rise. Among the forces behind the US dollar’s runup have been the relative strength of the US economy compared with other regions, the Fed’s aggressive rate tightening relative to other major central banks and elevated geopolitical challenges increasing the bid for the relative safety of the US dollar. The ‘dollar smile’ theory holds that the currency does well at each end of the global growth continuum, benefitting when relative US growth and rates are higher as well as from being a ‘safe haven’ when global growth is declining—both of which are happening today. At this point, it appears the only thing that could slow the dollar is a pivot by the Fed, which would likely only come amid signs of much weaker growth in the US or stronger evidence of receding inflation, so for now it looks like the dollar will keep on smiling.

For a region-by-region overview, see the full report (PDF).



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The material does not constitute a distribution, an offer, an invitation, a personal or general recommendation or solicitation to sell or buy any securities in any jurisdiction or to conduct any particular investment activity. The material has not been reviewed by any regulatory authority in any jurisdiction.

Information and opinions presented have been obtained or derived from sources believed to be reliable and current; however, we cannot guarantee the sources’ accuracy or completeness. There is no guarantee that any forecasts made will come to pass. The views contained herein are as of the date written and are subject to change without notice; these views may differ from those of other T. Rowe Price group companies and/or associates. Under no circumstances should the material, in whole or in part, be copied or redistributed without consent from T. Rowe Price.

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