Mobile payments have developed in China faster than in any other country, says Jackie Liu, a T. Rowe Price investment professional focused on the Asian Internet sector. With transactions approaching $10 trillion in 2018, the opportunity in China dwarfs U.S. projections of about $100 billion this year,* which Jackie sees as offering good long-term potential for investors.
Seeing early potential in mobile payments.
“When you visit China, you see how fast mobile payment has rolled out,” says the Hong Kong-based investment professional who has seen the growth up close. “Initially, people used mobile for taxi fare. And now, even the smallest merchants at the fresh markets favor mobile payments over cash.”
“Consider Tencent,” says Jackie. “At first, it was just a social platform, and then they added a payment feature. It’s a high-frequency app, and people find it a convenient way to pay. They were very proactive in promoting the payment.”
Being on site helps builds insight.
In the case of Tencent, Jackie spotted the opportunity in mobile payments early. She was impressed when the company’s WeChat unit incorporated a mobile payment feature into its “Virtual Red Package” app, turning a traditional Chinese New Year gift-giving tradition into a digital game.
A strong management and business model, combined with its 800 million user base, also convinced her that Tencent was well positioned to succeed in launching its Tenpay online payment product. That deeper understanding strengthened Jackie’s conviction that a stronger Tencent position would pay off for T. Rowe Price clients. “We already had a position in Tencent, but we significantly increased our investment.”
Maintaining conviction bolstered by fundamental knowledge.
Jackie maintains that, for Internet companies in particular, it’s important to understand the company culture and leadership vision and how it extends throughout the organization. That’s why she meets people at different managerial levels, from the chief technology officer to the heads of product lines. At Alibaba’s office in Hangzhou, she observed the passion of its people and vibrant culture up close—a key indicator of success for Jackie.
T. Rowe Price was one of the few firms to see potential in Alibaba early on and persists in its positive outlook. “We invested in the Alibaba initial public offering in September 2014 and added to our position massively when the market was having doubts in 2015-2016.”
The market may have had doubts, but Jackie’s interviews with investors and merchants painted another picture. “The merchants, in particular, saw great value in spending advertising dollars on the platform.” This insight helped solidify her positive view of the company.
As part of her research, Jackie also regularly tests the products of companies she follows and spends time digging in to what’s new in the digital world. “I talk to industry experts as well as people in private equity and venture capital firms to uncover up-and-coming companies and innovations,” she says. “By doing that, I may know them earlier than our competitors.”
Collaboration contributes to better recommendations.
Jackie participates in a number of investment meetings with her peers across the globe, both in person and virtually through video conferences. In monthly tech group meetings, for example, Jackie regularly compares notes with her T. Rowe Price peers in the U.S. and the UK. Jackie and her peers are also able to access research notes and collaborate online to clarify perspectives.
She also hosts a China Internet company tour just for colleagues and participates in an annual visit to Silicon Valley. “I get to visit Facebook and other U.S. Internet companies. So we know each other’s companies and share what we learned.
“It’s a dynamic industry, with new things coming into the market all the time. That makes it a highly engaging and potentially rewarding sector to research for our investors.”