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Powerful Technicals Support European Corporate Bonds

Executive Summary

  • We currently see opportunities in eurozone corporate debt as the European Central Bank (ECB) could restart corporate bond purchases.
  • Plummeting yields in the eurozone are another supportive factor for the eurozone investment‑grade corporate market.
  • We think the positive technical conditions generated by the ECB’s potential return to the market more than offset the negative drag from weak fundamentals.

With the U.S. credit cycle in its later stages and escalating U.S. trade conflicts dampening corporate sentiment and fundamentals, we are applying a broader lens to develop portfolio positioning in our investment‑grade corporate bond strategies. An international allocation can provide valuable exposure to credit cycles that are not as synchronized with the U.S. or to markets with unique supply/demand situations. In the latter category, we currently see opportunities in eurozone corporate debt as the European Central Bank (ECB) could restart quantitative easing involving corporate bond purchases.

At the central bank’s annual conference in Sintra, Portugal, in June, ECB President Mario Draghi said that the ECB could cut rates and implement another round of bond purchases if the eurozone’s economic outlook does not improve. Under the ECB’s corporate sector purchase program (CSPP), which ran from June 2016 through the end of 2018, the central bank bought EUR 5 billion to EUR 6 billion of investment‑grade corporate bonds every month. While we think that eurozone growth data would need to continue to deteriorate and inflation would need to remain low to trigger a new round of quantitative easing, the market consensus currently expects the ECB to restart its CSPP, possibly before the end of 2019.

Search For Yield In Eurozone Supports Investment‑Grade Corporates

Plummeting yields in the eurozone are another supportive factor for the eurozone investment‑grade corporate market. Yields on higher‑risk Italian government bonds have tumbled recently as fiscal tensions with the European Union have eased. With the safe‑haven 10‑year German sovereign note yielding ‑0.25% in mid‑July, investors have been reaching into sectors offering slightly positive—or less negative—yields.

At the end of June, about one‑third of the European investment‑grade corporate market had a negative yield, and even some subinvestment‑grade “high yield” bonds now trade with negative yields. We expect this reach for yield to continue even without the ECB resuming purchases of corporate debt.

Opening Quote However, with the market environment shifting as the Fed and other major global central banks transition to policy easing, the ability to quickly buy and sell individual securities at reasonable prices is even more important. Closing Quote

Powerful Technical Support Overwhelms Weak Fundamentals

Although it is not yet clear that the ECB will restart its CSPP, the possibility of a large, regular, price‑insensitive buyer of eurozone corporate bonds reentering the market has created opportunities to take advantage of potential compression in credit spreads1 in European corporates. We anticipate that this compression will be most pronounced in the lower‑rated segments of the investment‑grade universe. The fundamentals of many eurozone corporate issuers are deteriorating as the region’s economy struggles to grow. However, the positive technical conditions generated by the ECB’s potential return to the market more than offset the negative drag from weak fundamentals.

Within the eurozone investment‑grade corporate segment, we are finding opportunities in higher‑beta2 sectors. This includes financials, an area that had particularly fallen out of favor with investors amid sagging eurozone growth and expectations for even lower interest rates. The financials sector is a prime example of a segment where renewed ECB purchases would create powerful technical support that overwhelms weak fundamentals. Although the ECB has not directly purchased debt issued by banks, the spillover effects from its broad buying in other segments under the CSPP caused meaningful credit spread compression in financials. We have also been increasingly comfortable adding longer‑duration3 positions in European corporates as yields on short‑duration, higher‑quality bonds become more negative.
 

Favor Short Duration In U.S.

In U.S. investment‑grade corporates, however, we still favor short‑duration positions for the simple reason that this positioning limits exposure to credit risk if there is a meaningful downturn in the U.S. economy. While we do not currently expect a recession in the next 12 months, we believe that this posture is a prudent hedge against credit downside. In addition, some short‑maturity investment‑grade corporate bonds provide an attractive risk/return trade‑off by providing attractive yield with relatively low expected price volatility.

However, our team of credit analysts has been finding select opportunities to add longer‑duration U.S. corporates priced at levels that are dislocated from their fundamentals. These positions are scattered across segments and issuers but tend to be focused in the health care and technology sectors.
 

Monitoring Liquidity In Shifting Market Environment

We also closely monitor the liquidity of our positions throughout the investment‑grade corporate market. Bond dealers have sharply reduced their inventories of tradable debt since the global financial crisis, so limited liquidity is not a new risk. However, with the market environment shifting as the Fed and other major global central banks transition to policy easing, the ability to quickly buy and sell individual securities at reasonable prices is even more important.
 

Credit spreads measure the additional yield that investors demand for holding a bond with credit risk over a similar‑maturity, high‑quality government security.

Beta measures the volatility of an individual security in relation to the volatility of the broad market.

3Duration measures a bond’s sensitivity to changes in interest rates.
 

What we’re watching next

U.S. corporate earnings growth is set to slow further in the second half of 2019 as the benefits of the 2018 tax cut and topline growth fade. The question is how much more earnings growth will decelerate given the escalation of the U.S. trade war with China and other countries. Slowing earnings growth will further weigh on capital expenditures (capex) even as many companies prioritize share buybacks and dividend increases over capex.


Key Risks
—The following risks are materially relevant to the strategies highlighted in this material: Transactions in securities of foreign currencies may be subject to fluctuations of exchange rates which may affect the value of an investment. Debt securities could suffer an adverse change in financial condition due to ratings downgrade or default which may affect the value of an investment.

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

This material is being furnished for general informational purposes only. The material does not constitute or undertake to give advice of any nature, including fiduciary investment advice, and prospective investors are recommended to seek independent legal, financial and tax advice before making any investment decision. T. Rowe Price group of companies including T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. and/or its affiliates receive revenue from T. Rowe Price investment products and services. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. The value of an investment and any income from it can go down as well as up. Investors may get back less than the amount invested.

The material does not constitute a distribution, an offer, an invitation, a personal or general recommendation or solicitation to sell or buy any securities in any jurisdiction or to conduct any particular investment activity. The material has not been reviewed by any regulatory authority in any jurisdiction.

Information and opinions presented have been obtained or derived from sources believed to be reliable and current; however, we cannot guarantee the sources' accuracy or completeness. There is no guarantee that any forecasts made will come to pass. The views contained herein are as of the date noted on the material and are subject to change without notice; these views may differ from those of other T. Rowe Price group companies and/or associates. Under no circumstances should the material, in whole or in part, be copied or redistributed without consent from T. Rowe Price.

The material is not intended for use by persons in jurisdictions which prohibit or restrict the distribution of the material and in certain countries the material is provided upon specific request.  

It is not intended for distribution to retail investors in any jurisdiction.

 

201907‑906515

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