Skip to main content

Choose your location

Current selection

Canada
English
Canada
United States
Asia Regional
Australia
New Zealand
Austria
Belgium
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom

Download

Audience for the document: Share Class: Language of the document:

Download

Share Class: Language of the document:

Change Details

If you need to change your email address please contact us.
Subscriptions
OK
You are ready to start subscribing.
Get started by going to our products or insights section to follow what you're interested in.

Products Insights

GIPS® Information

T. Rowe Price ("TRP") claims compliance with the Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS®) and has prepared and presented this report in compliance with the GIPS standards. T. Rowe Price has been independently verified for the twenty four-year period ended June 30, 2020, by KPMG LLP. The verification report is available upon request. A firm that claims compliance with the GIPS standards must establish policies and procedures for complying with all the applicable requirements of the GIPS standards. Verification provides assurance on whether the firm’s policies and procedures related to composite and pooled fund maintenance, as well as the calculation, presentation, and distribution of performance, have been designed in compliance with the GIPS standards and have been implemented on a firm-wide basis. Verification does not provide assurance on the accuracy of any specific performance report.

TRP is a U.S. investment management firm with various investment advisers registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority, and other regulatory bodies in various countries and holds itself out as such to potential clients for GIPS purposes. TRP further defines itself under GIPS as a discretionary investment manager providing services primarily to institutional clients with regard to various mandates, which include U.S, international, and global strategies but excluding the services of the Private Asset Management group.

A complete list and description of all of the Firm's composites and/or a presentation that adheres to the GIPS® standards are available upon request. Additional information regarding the firm's policies and procedures for calculating and reporting performance results is available upon request

Other Literature

You have successfully subscribed.

Notify me by email when
regular data and commentary is available
exceptional commentary is available
new articles become available

Thank you for your continued interest

January 2022 / GLOBAL ECONOMY

In With a Whimper, Out With a Bang

The investment story of 2022 will be tactical bear, structural bull.

This year will start with a whimper as headwinds, the coronavirus omicron variant included, weigh on growth. As the months pass by, these headwinds will likely abate, and I expect 2022 to end with a bang. From an investment perspective, I would characterize the year as tactical bear, structural bull.

Let’s start with the structural story: Why do I hold a bullish view? When I observe the global economy, I see a large amount of pent‑up demand, especially outside the U.S., and output gaps that are still open. Financial conditions remain very accommodative, and, following a decade of deleveraging and recent fiscal largesse, private sector balance sheets are strong. The fly in the ointment is inflation, which has surged much above most peoples’ expectations—and even above the expectations of those who say they always knew inflation was just around the corner. Consequently, this is an economy where, virus outbreak permitting, private demand can accelerate substantially.

The fly in the ointment is inflation...

The pickup in private demand will likely be supported by easy financial conditions and strong private sector balance sheets. The still‑open output gaps ensure that, although monetary accommodation is being removed, there is no need for policymakers to shift to a pace of tightening that threatens the business cycle expansion. However, as the year progresses and residual output gaps close, monetary policymakers will likely become increasingly assertive in their quest to tighten monetary policy.

So far, so good. But what about inflation? When I trawl through the details of inflation reports, I find many clues that point to the much‑debated supply chain issues. In the U.S., for example, auto sales have plunged to an extent that could easily lead you to believe that the U.S. is in a recession—yet the price of used cars has soared by just under 50% over the past 18 months. These figures tell me that today’s inflation has not been caused by economic overheating, but rather by supply‑side constraints, and as supply chain issues are gradually resolved, the bulk of the inflation pressures we experience today will recede.

Finally, China. The leadership of the world’s second‑largest economy took advantage of the 2021 global growth rebound to launch a sequence of reforms and initiate a campaign to reduce the overall leverage of the economy. I have long looked at the growth slowdown in China with some unease, but the leadership has sent a clear message that it will put a greater emphasis on growth. I am not looking for a massive growth rebound—but a stabilization and some recovery in a growth trajectory that has, over the past 12 months, been continuously sliding will be welcome news.

Against this very positive structural story, I retain a near‑term bearish bias. The unfolding of the omicron variant is set to aggravate a growth slowdown that, in my view, was already building. This slowdown is driven by a combination of three things: first, rising inflation, in particular energy prices, which limit households’ purchasing power; second, supply chain issues, which have slowed the pace of capital accumulation; and third, fiscal headwinds, concentrated in particular in the U.S. In addition, the U.S. Federal Reserve—the central bank at the center of the financial system—has turned more hawkish. Although the signals of growth stabilization from the leadership of the world’s second‑largest economy, China, are encouraging, for now, the data flow remains soft.

Clarity Over Omicron Measures Will Refocus Markets’ Attention

Will financial markets look through the initial softness and focus on the more constructive story or will it retain a more myopic point of view and focus on the near‑term challenges? I expect that growth‑sensitive assets, like equities, may exhibit some volatility as the market continues to digest the full implications of the omicron variant and the slightly faster pace of monetary tightening from the Federal Reserve.

As there is more clarity about the management of the omicron variant and supply chain issues begin to ease, I expect the market to shift focus to the structural story—and this story is very positive for equities. However, the market can only take the long view when uncertainty around the path to that long view fades—in other words, when we understand what restrictions U.S. and European policymakers are likely to impose to keep the outbreak at a politically manageable level.

...the market can only take the long view when uncertainty around the path to that long view fades...

Subject to the same caveats about the ability of markets to shift focus to the structural story, I expect that bond yields will end 2022 substantially above the current levels. Although the resolution of supply chain disruptions will likely lead to lower inflation, it is also likely to push bond yields higher as central bankers become increasingly comfortable about removing monetary stimulus. The market will likely sniff that out some time in advance.

When it comes to regional focus, I see a greater pent‑up demand, and a larger output gap, outside the U.S. Once the near‑term uncertainty resolves, the non‑U.S. part of the world, in particular Europe, will present the more interesting investment opportunities.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

This material is being furnished for general informational purposes only. The material does not constitute or undertake to give advice of any nature, including fiduciary investment advice, and prospective investors are recommended to seek independent legal, financial and tax advice before making any investment decision. T. Rowe Price group of companies including T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. and/or its affiliates receive revenue from T. Rowe Price investment products and services. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. The value of an investment and any income from it can go down as well as up. Investors may get back less than the amount invested.

The material does not constitute a distribution, an offer, an invitation, a personal or general recommendation or solicitation to sell or buy any securities in any jurisdiction or to conduct any particular investment activity. The material has not been reviewed by any regulatory authority in any jurisdiction.

Information and opinions presented have been obtained or derived from sources believed to be reliable and current; however, we cannot guarantee the sources' accuracy or completeness. There is no guarantee that any forecasts made will come to pass. The views contained herein are as of the date noted on the material and are subject to change without notice; these views may differ from those of other T. Rowe Price group companies and/or associates. Under no circumstances should the material, in whole or in part, be copied or redistributed without consent from T. Rowe Price.

The material is not intended for use by persons in jurisdictions which prohibit or restrict the distribution of the material and in certain countries the material is provided upon specific request.  

It is not intended for distribution to retail investors in any jurisdiction.

Canada—Issued in Canada by T. Rowe Price (Canada), Inc. T. Rowe Price (Canada), Inc.’s investment management services are only available to Accredited Investors as defined under National Instrument 45-106. T. Rowe Price (Canada), Inc. enters into written delegation agreements with affiliates to provide investment management services.

© 2021 T. Rowe Price. All rights reserved. T. ROWE PRICE, INVEST WITH CONFIDENCE, and the bighorn sheep design are, collectively and/or apart, trademarks or registered trademarks of T. Rowe Price Group, Inc.

Previous Article

January 2022 / VIDEO

Ten Key Insights From 2021
Next Article

January 2022 / INVESTMENT INSIGHTS

Global Asset Allocation Viewpoints
202112-1967330

You are now leaving the T. Rowe Price website

T. Rowe Price is not responsible for the content of third party websites, including any performance data contained within them. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.