Reference Point

Annual benchmarking report that provides trend analysis and expert commentary you can use to take advantage of emerging best practices and improve plan effectiveness.

T. Rowe Price


  • T. Rowe Price’s recordkeeping database is a comprehensive proprietary database of U.S. defined contribution plan sponsor and participant information.
  • This report is based on data of U.S. corporate defined contribution plans (401(k), 457 plans):
        –Total: 643 plans and 1.7 million participants
        –Plans over $500 million: 58 plans and 1.0 million participants
  • Data are as of December 31, 2016, unless otherwise noted. Figures throughout report are shown in U.S. dollars.
  • Note: Analysis excludes plans sponsored by tax-exempt entities, nonqualified plans, and the T. Rowe Price defined contribution plan. 

Plans Over $500M—by Industry

As of December 31, 2016 

Plans By Industry

Industry Number of Plans
Accommodation and Food Services 2
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 2
Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing and Hunting 1
Construction 1
Finance and Insurance 3
Health Care and Social Assistance 3
Manufacturing 14
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 8
Public Administration 5
Retail Trade 6
Transportation and Warehousing 6
Utilities 6
Wholesale Trade 4

Source: T. Rowe Price Reference Point study of 58 plans over $500M, as of December 31, 2016.

Reference Point

Annual Benchmarking Report

Annual Benchmarking Report

T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc.