BLOG

Global Equities & IT: Where's the Bubble?

Q. How much has the price-to-earnings ratio (P/E) of global equities risen over the past two years?

A. Valuations on a P/E basis for global equities haven’t risen over the past two years (Figure 1), because returns have been driven entirely by earnings growth (the S&P 500 has, however, seen its valuation rise by a modest 9%).
 

Figure 1: Earnings Growth Mutes Rise in P/E Levels

Returns by multiple expansion and earnings growth, May 2016–May 2018, as of May 31, 2018
 

 

 

Source: FactSet Research.

Q. How much has Facebook’s P/E risen over the past two years?

A. Facebook’s P/E has not risen; it has actually fallen by about 50% (Figure 2) because Facebook’s earnings have risen faster than the stock price (this is the case with many other technology leaders with unique and monetizable products and service offerings).

This is not just a U.S. phenomenon either. Alibaba’s stock price has risen around 70% in a year1 ,but then so has its earnings, leaving its valuation about the same at 31-times 2019 earnings (and 21-times the following year’s earnings). That’s okay for a company compounding earnings growth at about 30% p.a. and in itself shows the power of earnings growth in keeping the valuation down or making the valuation fall in the face of fears that high valuation = bubble.

Figure 2: This May Surprise You

Returns by multiple expansion and earnings growth, May 2016–May 2018, as of May 31, 2018

 

 

Source: FactSet Research.

A BUBBLE VERSUS A CHANGE

Herein lies the difference between a strong price chart (which equities, Facebook, and IT certainly have) and a bubble. If a strong price chart is backed by speculation and hope (go back to the year 2000), then it’s hard to fight the bear case that a bubble might be forming. When a strong price chart is backed by improving earnings and cash flow growth, then the mosaic of valuation, fundamentals, and earnings durability needs more forensic analysis to make a conclusion on whether a chart implies a bubble or some inherent positive change from the start point.

OUR VIEW ON GLOBAL EQUITY VALUATIONS

Our conclusion on global equities remains that valuations sit at a modest premium for an asset class that has premium fundamentals, in both an absolute and a relative sense. That premium can hold for some time in a solid economic growth environment, something that bears and bearish sell-side strategists rarely want to talk about as they quote Shiller ratios and tail risks.  

OUR VIEW ON TECHNOLOGY SHARE VALUATIONS

Our conclusion on many technology stocks is that this time it is indeed different. Why is current IT strength not implying the same valuation and earnings risks as the IT bubble that peaked in 2000? Because the foundations and infrastructure of the Internet, and the ability to monetize that infrastructure by successful and innovative companies, have changed—they really have. I had a Nokia 8310 in the year 2000. “Snake” was the cutting-edge game on that phone at the time. While the Nokia 8310 had awesome backlights, device technology, penetration and connectivity have changed dramatically since 2000. Importantly, the ability to create profits from those changes has dramatically changed as well.
 

The result is that the application of technology is changing, especially for the consumer and certain companies that have innovated to create real market share, from real profitable industries. Some companies have even created whole new industries at the expense of older industries and their market incumbents. That has created a really fertile environment for some stock pickers who have the imagination to see what is changing and look beyond initial valuation levels out toward what valuation and market share might become with time and patience.

WILL TECHNOLOGY BECOME A BUBBLE?

Maybe, even possibly. But there is still plenty of stock-specific opportunity out there today for us to capture as alpha as we study the mosaic of valuation, fundamentals, and earnings durability. We continue to seek and find underappreciated earnings growth, and we will take the counterview to those who desperately want to call a bubble. A bubble that we will always seek evidence of, but cannot yet see any sign of today.

Figure 3: Adoption and Connectivity Have Accelerated Disruption

As of December 31, 2015
 

 

 

Sources: World Bank, McKinsey.
The information presented herein is shown for illustrative, informational purposes only. This is not intended to be investment advice or a recommendation to take any particular investment action. The specific securities/companies identified and described above do not necessarily represent securities/companies that were purchased, sold, or recommended, and no assumptions should be made that the securities/

companies identified and discussed were or will be profitable.
The trademarks shown above are the property of the respective owners. T. Rowe Price is not endorsed, sponsored, or otherwise affiliated with any of the trademark owners represented by the trademarks shown above. 

RISK AND OPPORTUNITY

We are not blind to the risks embedded within markets today. Like all good investors, we are paid to take prudent risks in our global equity strategies to generate attractive risk-adjusted alpha. With markets flat year-to-date, and beta not helping out clients as they did last year, our Global Growth and Global Focused Growth strategies are both circa 600bps above the MSCI ACWI Index for the year to May 31, 2018. This has helped to consolidate some very strong 1-, 3-, 5-, and near 10-year track records, evidencing hundreds of basis points of alpha and outperformance of passive indices over time.

Figure 4: Disruption, Deflation, and the Right Side of Change

As of December 31, 2016

 

 

The specific securities identified and described do not necessarily represent securities purchased or sold by T. Rowe Price. This information is not intended to be a recommendation to take any particular investment action and is subject to change. No assumptions should be made that the securities identified and discussed above were or will be profitable.
Source: FactSet.

Alibaba Group Holding Depositary Receipts share price has risen 70.09% from May 31, 2017, to June 6, 2018. Source: Thomson Reuters DataStream (Code: BABA.K).


201806-522344

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

This material is being furnished for general informational purposes only. The material does not constitute or undertake to give advice of any nature, including fiduciary investment advice, and prospective investors are recommended to seek independent legal, financial and tax advice before making any investment decision. T. Rowe Price group of companies including T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. and/or its affiliates receive revenue from T. Rowe Price investment products and services. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. The value of an investment and any income from it can go down as well as up. Investors may get back less than the amount invested.

The material does not constitute a distribution, an offer, an invitation, a personal or general recommendation or solicitation to sell or buy any securities in any jurisdiction or to conduct any particular investment activity. The material has not been reviewed by any regulatory authority in any jurisdiction.

Information and opinions presented have been obtained or derived from sources believed to be reliable and current; however, we cannot guarantee the sources' accuracy or completeness. There is no guarantee that any forecasts made will come to pass. The views contained herein are as of the date noted on the material and are subject to change without notice; these views may differ from those of other T. Rowe Price group companies and/or associates. Under no circumstances should the material, in whole or in part, be copied or redistributed without consent from T. Rowe Price.

The material is not intended for use by persons in jurisdictions which prohibit or restrict the distribution of the material and in certain countries the material is provided upon specific request.  

It is not intended for distribution to retail investors in any jurisdiction.

RELATED FUND
SICAV
Class I USD
ISIN LU0143563046
Concentrating high conviction positions in leading global investment prospects.
View More...
Fund Size
(USD)
$1.6b
FACTSHEET
Global Equities